Italian Prune Plum
Prunus domestica 'Italian Prune'
Italian Prune Plum fruit
(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)
Height: 15 feet
Spread: 15 feet
Hardiness Zone: 5a
Other Names: Fellenburg Plum
A commercially grown plum that is excellent for drying; showy fragrant white flowers in spring; large, freestone purple-blue prune-plums in late summer; an upright spreading tree, compact and ornamental; needs full sun, well-drained soil and a pollinator
Italian Prune Plum is a small tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. It produces deep purple round fruit (technically 'drupes') with blue overtones and yellow flesh which are usually ready for picking from late summer to early fall. Note that the fruits have hard inedible pits inside which must be removed before eating or processing. The fruits have a sweet taste and a juicy texture.
The fruit are most often used in the following ways:
Features & Attributes
Italian Prune Plum is smothered in stunning clusters of fragrant white flowers along the branches from early to mid spring before the leaves. It has forest green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves turn yellow in fall. The fruits are showy deep purple drupes with blue overtones, which are carried in abundance in late summer. The fruit can be messy if allowed to drop on the lawn or walkways, and may require occasional clean-up.
This is a deciduous tree with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;
Aside from its primary use as an edible, Italian Prune Plum is sutiable for the following landscape applications;
- Orchard/Edible Landscaping
Planting & Growing
Italian Prune Plum will grow to be about 15 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 4 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more. This variety requires a different selection of the same species growing nearby in order to set fruit.
This tree is typically grown in a designated area of the yard because of its mature size and spread. It should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America.