Plant Database

perennial

Star Of Bethlehem

Ornithogalum magnum

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Star Of Bethlehem (Ornithogalum magnum) at English Gardens

Star Of Bethlehem flowers

Star Of Bethlehem flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  24 inches

Spacing:  16 inches

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4b

Description:

Numerous, tiny white flowers in late spring, in huge pyramidal upright racemes; flowers open from bottom to top; impressive when massed in the garden or along borders

Ornamental Features

Star Of Bethlehem features showy racemes of white star-shaped flowers rising above the foliage in late spring. Its grassy leaves remain dark green in color throughout the season. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Star Of Bethlehem is an herbaceous perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other garden plants with less refined foliage.

This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. It is a good choice for attracting bees and butterflies to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Star Of Bethlehem is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • General Garden Use
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

Star Of Bethlehem will grow to be about 24 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 16 inches apart. Its foliage tends to remain dense right to the ground, not requiring facer plants in front. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.

This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil pH, but grows best in rich soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is not originally from North America. It can be propagated by multiplication of the underground bulbs.

Star Of Bethlehem is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. With its upright habit of growth, it is best suited for use as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Massing  Garden  Container 
Applications
Flowers  Texture  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features